De-la-Noy, Michael. “Cornford, (Rupert) John (1915–1936).” Rev. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004.
Cornford, John. Collected Writings. Ed. by Jonathan Galassi. Manchester: Carcanet Press, 1986. HX246 .C78 A2 1986 Robarts Library
Born Rupert John Cornford in Cambridge on 27 December 1915, the eldest son of Francis Macdonald Cornford, a professor of ancient philosophy, and his wife Frances Crofts Cornford, a poet and granddaughter of Charles Darwin. Although he was initially educated as a day boy at Campbridge, he was sent to be a border to Copthorne Preparatory School in Sussex at the age of nine. At age fourteen he received a scholarship to Stowe School. At fifteen, Cornford was already writing poetry under the influence Robert Graves, T. S. Eliot, and especially W. H. Auden. Meanwhile, his political views were being shaped by his reading of Das Kapital and the Communist Manifesto.
After Stowe, Cornford enrolled in the London School of Economics, where his interest in politics increased. In between lectures, he spend his time in London deepening his commitment to eliminating poverty and establishing communism in England. The following year he entered Trinity College, Cambridge. Due to his increasing involvement in politics, Cornford had little time to write and only published nine poems during his three years at Cambridge. In March 1935 he became a full member of the Communist Party of Great Britain. In 1936 Trinity College awarded Cornford a scholarship, which the young poet turned down due to the breakout of the Spanish Civil War. A lover of military history since childhood as well as a strong opponent to Fascism, Cornford fled for Dieppe without saying goodbye to his family. By 8 August 1936 he was in Barcelona. It is thought that Cornford was the first Englishman to enlist in the International Brigades. After he participated in the battle for Madrid (which began on 7 November 1936), the young man regained his poetic inspiration and wrote some of his finest work in the coming weeks, including his best known poem "Heart of the Heartless World". Cornford was killed at the battle near Lopera in late December 1936. Hid body was never recovered.
Born July 18, 1811, in Calcutta, William Makepeace Thackeray was sent to England in 1817 at his father's death. He was educated at the Charterhouse School in England from 1822 to 1826 and attended Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1829-30 but left without graduating. At first unsuccessful as a journalist, Thackeray came into his own in writing for Fraser's Magazine, Punch, The Times and other journals, especially in serially publishing The Luck of Barry Lyndon under the pseudonym George Savage FitzBoodle. Thackeray soon starting publishing novels serially under his own name. He achieved fame with Vanity Fair (1847-48), Pendennis (1848-50), Henry Esmond (1852), The Newcomes (1853), and The Virginians (1857-59). The poems he wrote were jeux d'esprit and reflect his good-natured temperment. In his family life he was less lucky. He married Isabella Shawe, who bore him three daughters and then suffered a permanent mental collapse. Thackeray died on Christmas eve, December 24, 1863. The standard biography is by Gordon Ray, Thackeray, 2 vols. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1955-58; PR 5631 .R33 St. Michael's College Library). For Thackeray's periodical contributions, see Edgar F. Harden's Checklist (Victoria, B.C.: University of Victoria, 1996; Z 8869 H37 1996 Robarts Library).
Ricks, Christopher. "Tennyson, Alfred, first Baron Tennyson (1809–1892)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. May 2006.
Clayton, Tom. "Suckling, Sir John (bap. 1609, d. 1641?)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. Jan. 2008.