• Markham, Edwin. The Man with the Hoe and Other Poems. New York: Doubleday and McClure, 1899. Internet Archive
  • --. Lincoln and Other Poems. New York: McClure, Phillips, 1901. Internet Archive
  • --. The Shoes of Happiness. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Page, 1915. Internet Archive
  • --. Gates of Paradise and Other Poems. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Page, 1920. Internet Archive
  • --. New Poems: Eighty Poems at Eighty. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Doran, 1932.
  • --. The Star of Araby. 1937.
  • --. The Ballad of the Gallows Bird. Antioch Press, 1960.

François Villon is France's first great poet. Born in 1431, he is known to have studied at the University of Paris between 1449 and 1452. Villon disappeared from view in 1463 but in the record of his brief career there are many accounts of encounters with university authorities and the police. It was during an imprisonment in 1461 that Villon wrote his Grand Testament where he laments his wasted opportunities and links together a number of shorter poems including, as a legacy to his old mother, the-Ballade "Pour prier Nostre Dame." The Epitaphe Villon or Ballade des pendus was probably composed in 1463 when Villon was sentenced to be hanged. It was after his release from prison on this occasion that Villon was banished from Paris.

  • "François Villon." Representative French Poetry. Ed. Victor E. Graham. 2nd edn. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1965. 6-7.
  • The poems of Master François Villon of Paris, now first done into English Verse in the original forms. Trans. John Payne. 3rd edn. Portland: Th.B. Mosher, 1909.
  • Villon, Fran&cced;ois. Oeuvres complètes. Ed. Auguste Longnon. Paris: Lemerre, 1892. Internet Archive
Index to poems
  • Athey, Joel. "Fuller, Margaret." American National Biography Online. American Council of Learned Societies, 2000.
  • Bramer, Shannon. Be Mine. Toronto: BookThug, 2010.
  • --. Fishings. Toronto: BookThug, 2007. canlit pam 04394 Thomas Fisher Rare Book
  • --. poem(s) on the stairs. Maxville, ON: Above/Ground Press, 2002. canlit pam 01395 Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library
  • --. The Refrigerator Memory. Toronto: Coach House Books, 2005. PS8553 .R264 R43 2005 Robarts Library
  • --. scarf. Toronto: McArthur & Co./Exile, 2001. 819.12 B6688.2 Toronto Public Library
  • --. suitcases and other poems. Toronto: Exile Editions, 1999. PS8553 .R264 S85 1999 Robarts Library

Margaret Christakos teaches creative writing at the School of Continuing Studies, University of Toronto. She also works as a poetry advisor/mentor with WIER (Writers in Electronic Residence), with the MFA program at the University of Guelph-Humber, and with Diaspora Dialogues. From 1992 to 1997 she taught Creative Writing at the Ontario College of Art; and she served as Writer in Residence at the University of Windsor in 2004-05.


  • Christakos, Margaret. Not Egypt. Toronto: Coach House Books, 1989.
  • --. With all my heart i heard u speaking. Toronto: Ice Floe Press, 1991.
  • --. Other Words for Grace. Stratford, Ontario: Mercury Press, 1994. PS8555 .H753 O84 1994 Robarts Library
  • --. The Moment Coming. Toronto: ECW, 1998. PS8555 .H753 M65 1998 Robarts Library
  • --. Charisma. Toronto: Pedlar Press, 2000. [fiction] PS8555 .H753 C43 2000 Robarts Library
  • --. Wipe Under A Love. Toronto: The Mansfield Press, 2000.
  • --. Excessive Love Prostheses. Toronto: Coach House Books, 2002. PS8555 .H753 E9 2002 Robarts Library
  • --. Retreat Diary. Toronto: Book Thug, 2005.
  • --. Sooner. Toronto: Coach House Books, 2005. PS8555 .H675 S66 2005 Robarts Library
  • --. Adult Video. Vancouver: Nomados, 2006. canlit pam 03711 Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library
  • --. My Girlish Feast. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Belladonna, 2006.
  • --. What Stirs. Toronto: Coach House Books, 2008. PS8555 .H675 W48 2008 Robarts Library
  • --. Welling. Sudbury: Your Scrivener Press, 2010. PS8555 .H675 W44 2010 Robarts Library
  • --. Facebook Page.
  • Whiteman, Bruce. "Vining, Pamelia Sarah (Yule)," Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online.
  • Yule, Pamelia C. Poems of the Heart and Home. Toronto: Bengough, Moore, 1881.
  • Hughes, Beryl. "Nicholls, Marjory Lydia (1890-1930)--Biography." Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage.
  • Hughes, B. & J. Vial. "Archives: A Portrait of Marjory Nicholls." Women's Studies Journal 5.1 (Sept. 1989): 74-80.
  • Nicholls, Marjory. A Venture in Verse. Auckland: Whitcombe and Tombs Ltd., 1917.
  • --. Gathered Leaves. Auckland: Whitcombe and Tombs Ltd., 1922.
  • --. Thirdly. Sydney: Harry H. Tombs Ltd., 1930.
  • --. Collected Poems. Comp. F.W.N. (Niel) Wright. Wellington: Original Books, 2009.
Index to poems
  • O'Hagan, Thomas. The Collected Poems of Thomas O'Hagan. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1922. PS8479 .H34 A17 1922 Robarts
  • --. In Dreamland, and Other Poems. Toronto: Williamson, 1893. Internet Archive
  • --. A Gate of Flowers and Other Poems. Toronto: William Briggs, 1887. Internet Archive
  • --. In the Heart of the Meadow, and Other Poems. Toronto: William Briggs, 1914. Internet Archive
  • --. Songs of Heroic Days. Toronto: William Briggs, 1916. Internet Archive
  • --. Songs of the Settlement and Other Poems. Toronto: William Briggs, 1899. Internet Archive
  • --. The Tide of Love. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1928. PR5112 .O6 T5 Victoria Canadiana
  • Bailey, Alfred G. "Odell, Jonathan." Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  • Sargent, Winthrop, ed. The Loyal Verses of Joseph Stansbury and Doctor Jonathan Odell. Albany: J. Munsell, 1860. Internet Archive
  • Gay, William. Sonnets and Other Verses. Melbourne: E. A. Petherick, 1894. Internet Archive
  • --. Sonnets. Bendigo, 1896.
  • --. Christ on Olympus and Other Poems. Bendigo: W. Gay, 1896.
  • --. The Complete Poetical Works of William Gay. 1911. Internet Archive. SETIS.
  • Ingamells, R. William Gay, Australian Man of Letters (1865-1897). Melbourne, 1952.
  • Jones, Joseph. "Gay, William (1865 - 1897)." Australian Dictionary of Biography. Vol. 8. Melbourne University Press, 1981. 633-34.

We are grateful for access to AustLit in the preparation of these poems.