Balliol College, Oxford


Bergonzi, Bernard. "Belloc, (Joseph) Hilaire Pierre René (1870–1953)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004.

Index to poems

Born at Keswick on October 13, 1844, Ernest James Myers received his education in classics at Cheltenham and Balliol College Oxford. He became a fellow of Wadham College in 1868, where he taught for three years, and then moved to London for twenty years to make his living as a translator and editor. Best known for his collaboration with Andrew Lang and Walter Leaf on books XVII-XXIV of Homer's Iliad (popularized in a Modern Library edition), Myers also translated Pindar, wrote on Aeschylus, and published five volumes of poetry in his lifetime, most modelled on Greek and Latin themes. These were The Puritans (1869), Poems (1877), The Defence of Rome (1880), The Judgement of Prometheus (1886), and Gathered Poems (1904). While in London, Myers wed Nora Margaret Lodge, and they had five children. He served as Secretary of the London Society for the Extension of University Teaching and worked as a volunteer for the Charity Organization Society and the Society for Protection of Women and Children. The Myers family left London for Chislehurst in 1891. His older son, who seems to be the subject of "Infant Eyes," died as a soldier in France in 1918. Myers died on November 25, 1918, in Etchingham, Sussex.

  • Bell, A. C. "Myers, Ernest James (1844–1921)." Rev. Megan A. Stephan. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004.
  • Homer. The Iliad of Homer done into English prose by Andrew Lang, Walter Leaf and Ernest Myers. London: Macmillan, 1883. PA 4025 .A2L3 Institute for Medieval Studies.
  • Myers, Ernest. Gathered Poems. London: Macmillan, 1904. LE M9962g Robarts Library.
  • --. Lord Althorp. London: R. Bentley. 1890. DA 536 .S7M8 Robarts Library.
  • Pindar. The Extant Odes of Pindar. Trans. Ernest Myers. PA 4275 .E5M9 1874. Robarts Library.

Born March 31, 1844, in Selkirk, Scotland, Andrew Lang was educated at Selkirk Grammar School, Edinburgh Academy, the University of St. Andrews, the University of Glasgow, and Balliol College, Oxford, from which he graduated with a B.A. (honours) in 1866. He took up a fellowship at Merton College in Oxford from 1868 to 1875, in which year he married Lenora Blanche Alleyne. Over his lifetime, Lang brought out nine books of verse, beginning with Ballads and Lyrics of Old France (1872), as well as translations of Homer and other classical poets. His writing career, however, expanded into journalism once he settled in London at his marriage. He wrote as anthropologist, historian, fairy story teller, literary historian, sportsman, novelist, and biographer and had a prolific output. Honours came his way readily: he received doctorates from St. Andrews University in 1888 and Oxford University in 1904, was a fellow in the British Academy, and presided over the Society for Psychical Research. Lang died, without children, of angina pectoris, July 20, 1912, in Aberdeen.

  • Demoor, Marysa. Friends over the ocean: Andrew Lang's American correspondents, 1881-1912. Gent: Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 1989. PR 4877 .A4 1989 Robarts Library
  • G., S. G. ""Lang, Andrew." Dictionary of National Biography 1912-21. 319-23.
  • Green, Roger Lancelyn. Andrew Lang, a critical biography, with a short-title bibliography of the works of Andrew Lang. Leicester: E. Ward, 1946. PR 4877 .G68. Robarts Library
  • Homer. The Homeric Hymns. Trans. Andrew Lang. London: Allen, 1899. PA 4025 .H8L3 1899. Robarts Library
  • --. The Iliad. Trans. Andrew Lang, Walter Leaf, and Ernest Myers. London: Macmillan, 1883. PA 4025 .A2L3 Institute of Mediaeval Studies
  • --. The Odyssey. Trans. Andrew Lang and Samuel Henry Butcher. London: Macmillan, 1887. PA 4205 .A5B8 1887 St. Michael's College
  • Lang, Andrew. Ballads and Lyrics of Old France, with Other Poems. London: Longmans, Green, 1872. PR 4876 .B29 1872. Robarts Library
  • --. Ballades and Verses Vain. New York: Scribner, 1884.
  • --. Ban and Arrière Ban: A Rally of Fugitive Rhymes. 2dn edn. London: Longmans, Green, 1894. PR 4876 .B3 1894 Robarts Library. Also Project Gutenberg.
  • --. Grass of Parnassus: Rhymes Old and New. London: Longmans, Green, 1888. PR 4876 .G7 1888. Robarts Library
  • --. Helen of Troy. New York: Scribner, 1882. PR 4876 .H4 1882. Robarts Library
  • --. New Collected Rhymes. London: Longmans, Green, 1905. PR 4876 .N48 1905 Robarts Library
  • --. Rhymes à la Mode. London: Kegan Paul, 1885. PR 4876 .R5 Robarts Library
  • --. XXII Ballades in Blue China. London: Kegan Paul, 1880. PR 4876 .T5 1885 Robarts Library
  • --. XXII and X: XXXII Ballades in Blue China. 1881. London K. Paul, Trench, 1883. PR 4876 .T5 1883 Robarts Library
  • Langstaff, Eleanor De Selms. Andrew Lang. Boston: Twayne, 1978.
  • Ormerod, James. The Poetry of Andrew Lang. Philadelphia: R. West, 1978.
  • Webster, A. Blyth. Andrew Lang's poetry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1937. Pamph LE L Robarts Library

Swinburne was born April 5, 1837, in London, the child of an admiral, Captain Charles Henry Swinburne, and Lady Henrietta Swinburne. He spent his childhood at Capheaton Hall, Bonchurch, the Isle of Wight, moved on to receive his education in classics, French and Italian and metrics at Eton (1849-54) and then Balliol College, Oxford (January 1856), but eventaully left university without a degree in 1860. His first two published works were plays, The Queen Mother and Rosamond, which came out in 1861. In the years before his first triumph, Atalanta in Calydon, published in 1865, Swinburne visited Italy, where he met Walter Savage Landor, and he lived for a time in Cheyne Row, Chelsea, with D. G. Rossetti and George Meredith. In 1864 Swinburne's cousin Mary Julia Charlotte Gordon announced that she would marry (June 1865). This news much disappointed Swinburne and is perhaps reflected in poems like "Dolores." In 1865 Swinburne brought out Chastelard, a Tragedy, the first part of a Mary Queen of Scots trilogy, to be completed by Bothwell (1874), and Mary Stuart (1881). Swinburne published his greatest volume of poems, Poems and Ballads, in 1866. It contains "Dolores," "Hymn to Proserpine," "Faustine," and a dozen other dark, exquisitely musical poems. Their voice has proved unique in English poetry, but they caused an unequalled scandal by flouting accepted Victorian moral, religious and social standards. Controversy spilled over in personal attacks on his character by John Morley (Saturday Review August 4, 1866) and others. Swinburne defended his poems as art for the sake of art, and his interests in sado-masochism as impersonal, in Notes on Poems and Reviews; and W. M. Rossetti followed suit in Swinburne's Poems and Ballads: A Criticism the same year. Swinburne's later volumes of poetry less often matched the creativity of his early years. These include Song of Italy (1867), Songs before Sunrise (1871), Erechtheus (1876), Poems and Ballads, second series (1878), Tristram of Lyonesse (1882), A Century of Roundels (1883), A Midsummer Holiday (1884), Marino Faliero (1885), Locrine (1887), Poems and Ballads, third series (1889), The Sisters (1892), Astrophel (1894), The Tale of Balen (1896), Rosamund, Queen of the Lombards (1899), A Channel Passage (1904), and The Duke of Gandia (1908). In 1879 Swinburne's alcoholism caused his legal advisor and friend Walter Theodore Watts-Dunton to take him away from London to The Pines near the bottom of Putney Hill. This personal care extended Swinburne's life by 30 years, during which he wrote astute criticism of Shakespeare, Elizabethan and Jacobean drama, Blake, and Victor Hugo (cf. Essays and Studies [1875]) as well as two novels, A Year's Letters (1877), reissued in 1905 as Love's Cross Currents, and Lesbia Brandon (1952). Swinburne never married. He died 10 April 1909.

  • New writings by Swinburne; or, Miscellanea nova et curiosa. Being a medley of poems, critical essays, hoaxes and burlesques, ed. Cecil Y. Lang (Syracuse: University Press, 1964; PR 5502 .L3).
  • Panter-Downes, Mollie. At The Pines: Swinburne and Watts-Dunton in Putney (Boston: Gambit, 1971; PR 5513 .P3 Trinity College Library)
  • Rooksby, Rikky. A. C. Swinburne: A Poet's Life (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1997; PR 5513 R66)
  • --. "Swinburne, Algernon Charles (1837–1909)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. May 2009.
  • Shepherd, Richard Herne. The bibliography of Swinburne: a bibliographical list, arranged in chronological order, of the published writings in verse and prose of Algernon Charles Swinburne, 1857-1883 (1883; Folcroft, Pa.: Folcroft Press, 1969; Z 8857 .S54 1969 Robarts Library)
  • Swinburne, Algernon Charles. Complete Works, 20 vols., ed. Sir Edmund Gosse and T. J. Wise (London: Heinemann, 1925-27; PR 5501 .G78 Robarts Library).
  • Swinburne, Algernon Charles. Letters, 6 vols., ed. Cecil Y. Lang (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1959-62; PR 5513 .A32 Robarts Library)
  • Wise, Thomas James. A Swinburne library : a catalogue of printed books, manuscripts and autograph letters by Algernon Charles Swinburne (London: for private circulation, 1925). BIB W813.5sw 1925 Massey College Library
  • Carnall, Geoffrey. "Southey, Robert (1774–1843)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. Jan. 2011.
Index to poems

Julian H. F. Grenfell was born March 30, 1888, and died in battle on May 26, 1915, a captain in the Royal Dragoons. For a biography, see Nicholas Mosley, Julian Grenfell, his life and the times of his death, 1888-1915 (New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1976).

  • Kenny, Anthony. “Clough, Arthur Hugh (1819-1861).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004.
Index to poems

Charles Stuart Calverley, born on December 22, 1831, at Martley, Worcestershire, was educated at Marlborough College, Harrow, Oxford, and Cambridge, and was elected a fellow of Christ's College and appointed a lecturer in Classics in 1857. His Verses and Translations (1862), and later translations of Theocritus and Virgil, stem from his academic research. In 1863 he married his cousin Ellen and began to study law at the Inner Temple. Shortly after being called to the Bar in 1865, Calverley had a skating accident that was to put an end to his career. He continued to write light verse, publishing poems in journals, and then collecting them in Fly Leaves in 1872. He lived on, sickly, until his death from Bright's disease in 1884, and was survived by his wife and two children. His Literary Remains came out posthumously in 1865.


  • Stephen, Leslie. “Calverley , Charles Stuart (1831-1884).” Rev. Katherine Mullin. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004.