Swinburne's Collected Poetical Works, 2 vols. (London: William Heinemann, 1924): I, 732-40.
2 Out of me the years roll;
3 Out of me God and man;
4 I am equal and whole;
5God changes, and man, and the form of them bodily; I am the soul.
6 Before ever land was,
7 Before ever the sea,
8 Or soft hair of the grass,
9 Or fair limbs of the tree,
10Or the fresh-coloured fruit of my branches, I was, and thy soul was in me.
11 First life on my sources
12 First drifted and swam;
13 Out of me are the forces
14 That save it or damn;
16 Beside or above me
17 Nought is there to go;
18 Love or unlove me,
19 Unknow me or know,
20I am that which unloves me and loves; I am stricken, and I am the blow.
22 And the arrows that miss,
23 I the mouth that is kissed
24 And the breath in the kiss,
25The search, and the sought, and the seeker, the soul and the body that is.
26 I am that thing which blesses
27 My spirit elate;
28 That which caresses
29 With hands uncreate
30My limbs unbegotten that measure the length of the measure of fate.
31 But what thing dost thou now,
32 Looking Godward, to cry
33 "I am I, thou art thou,
34 I am low, thou art high"?
35I am thou, whom thou seekest to find him; find thou but thyself, thou art I.
36 I the grain and the furrow,
37 The plough-cloven clod
38 And the ploughshare drawn thorough,
39 The germ and the sod,
40The deed and the doer, the seed and the sower, the dust which is God.
42 Child, underground?
43 Fire that impassioned thee,
44 Iron that bound,
45Dim changes of water, what thing of all these hast thou known of or found?
46 Canst thou say in thine heart
47 Thou hast seen with thine eyes
48 With what cunning of art
49 Thou wast wrought in what wise,
50By what force of what stuff thou wast shapen, and shown on my breast to the skies?
51 Who hath given, who hath sold it thee,
52 Knowledge of me?
53 Hath the wilderness told it thee?
54 Hast thou learnt of the sea?
55Hast thou communed in spirit with night? have the winds taken counsel with thee?
56 Have I set such a star
57 To show light on thy brow
58 That thou sawest from afar
59 What I show to thee now?
60Have ye spoken as brethren together, the sun and the mountains and thou?
61 What is here, dost thou know it?
62 What was, hast thou known?
63 Prophet nor poet
65Nor spirit nor flesh can make answer, but only thy mother alone.
66 Mother, not maker,
67 Born, and not made;
68 Though her children forsake her,
69 Allured or afraid,
70Praying prayers to the God of their fashion, she stirs not for all that have prayed.
71 A creed is a rod,
72 And a crown is of night;
73 But this thing is God,
74 To be man with thy might,
75To grow straight in the strength of thy spirit, and live out thy life as the light.
76 I am in thee to save thee,
77 As my soul in thee saith;
78 Give thou as I gave thee,
79 Thy life-blood and breath,
81 Be the ways of thy giving
82 As mine were to thee;
83 The free life of thy living,
84 Be the gift of it free;
85Not as servant to lord, nor as master to slave, shalt thou give thee to me.
86 O children of banishment,
87 Souls overcast,
88 Were the lights ye see vanish meant
89 Alway to last,
90Ye would know not the sun overshining the shadows and stars overpast.
91 I that saw where ye trod
92 The dim paths of the night
93 Set the shadow called God
94 In your skies to give light;
95But the morning of manhood is risen, and the shadowless soul is in sight.
97 That swells to the sky
98 With frondage red-fruited,
99 The life-tree am I;
100In the buds of your lives is the sap of my leaves: ye shall live and not die.
101 But the Gods of your fashion
102 That take and that give,
103 In their pity and passion
104 That scourge and forgive,
105They are worms that are bred in the bark that falls off; they shall die and not live.
106 My own blood is what stanches
107 The wounds in my bark;
108 Stars caught in my branches
109 Make day of the dark,
110And are worshipped as suns till the sunrise shall tread out their fires as a spark.
111 Where dead ages hide under
112 The live roots of the tree,
113 In my darkness the thunder
114 Makes utterance of me;
115In the clash of my boughs with each other ye hear the waves sound of the sea.
116 That noise is of Time,
117 As his feathers are spread
118 And his feet set to climb
119 Through the boughs overhead,
120And my foliage rings round him and rustles, and branches are bent with his tread.
121 The storm-winds of ages
122 Blow through me and cease,
123 The war-wind that rages,
124 The spring-wind of peace,
125Ere the breath of them roughen my tresses, ere one of my blossoms increase.
126 All sounds of all changes,
127 All shadows and lights
128 On the world's mountain-ranges
129 And stream-riven heights,
130Whose tongue is the wind's tongue and language of storm-clouds on earth-shaking nights;
131 All forms of all faces,
132 All works of all hands
133 In unsearchable places
134 Of time-stricken lands,
135All death and all life, and all reigns and all ruins, drop through me as sands.
136 Though sore be my burden
137 And more than ye know,
138 And my growth have no guerdon
139 But only to grow,
140Yet I fail not of growing for lightnings above me or deathworms below.
141 These too have their part in me,
142 As I too in these;
143 Such fire is at heart in me,
144 Such sap is this tree's,
145Which hath in it all sounds and all secrets of infinite lands and of seas.
146 In the spring-coloured hours
147 When my mind was as May's,
148 There brake forth of me flowers
149 By centuries of days,
150Strong blossoms with perfume of manhood, shot out from my spirit as rays.
151 And the sound of them springing
152 And smell of their shoots
153 Were as warmth and sweet singing
154 And strength to my roots;
155And the lives of my children made perfect with freedom of soul were my fruits.
156 I bid you but be;
157 I have need not of prayer;
158 I have need of you free
159 As your mouths of mine air;
160That my heart may be greater within me, beholding the fruits of me fair.
161 More fair than strange fruit is
162 Of faiths ye espouse;
163 In me only the root is
164 That blooms in your boughs;
165Behold now your God that ye made you, to feed him with faith of your vows.
166 In the darkening and whitening
167 Abysses adored,
168 With dayspring and lightning
169 For lamp and for sword,
170God thunders in heaven, and his angels are red with the wrath of the Lord.
171 O my sons, O too dutiful
172 Toward Gods not of me,
173 Was not I enough beautiful?
174 Was it hard to be free?
175For behold, I am with you, am in you and of you; look forth now and see.
176 Lo, winged with world's wonders,
177 With miracles shod,
178 With the fires of his thunders
179 For raiment and rod,
180God trembles in heaven, and his angels are white with the terror of God.
181 For his twilight is come on him,
182 His anguish is here;
183 And his spirits gaze dumb on him,
184 Grown grey from his fear;
185And his hour taketh hold on him stricken, the last of his infinite year.
186 Thought made him and breaks him,
187 Truth slays and forgives;
188 But to you, as time takes him,
189 This new thing it gives,
190Even love, the beloved Republic, that feeds upon freedom and lives.
191 For truth only is living,
192 Truth only is whole,
193 And the love of his giving,
194 Man's polestar and pole;
195Man, pulse of my centre, and fruit of my body, and seed of my soul.
196 One birth of my bosom;
197 One beam of mine eye;
198 One topmost blossom
199 That scales the sky;
200Man, equal and one with me, man that is made of me, man that is I.
1] Hertha was in Teutonic mythology the goddess of fertility, "Mother Earth." Swinburne himself wrote: "Of all I have done I rate Hertha highest as a single piece, finding in it the most of lyric force and music combined with the most condensed and clarified thought." He described the poem in a letter of October 26, 1869, to William Michael Rossetti, as "another mystic atheistic democratic anthropologic poem" (The Complete Works of Algernon Charles Swinburne, ed. Sir Edmund Gosse and Thomas James Wise [London: William Heinemann, 1926]: II, 45). By January 15, 1870, again writing Rossetti, Swinburne was much more enthusiastic about the poem, still in development:
Yesterday was a good day with me, for ... I had completed and copied out my Hertha -- the poem I think which if I were to die tonight I should choose to be represented and judged by, if one single and separate poem were perforce to be picked out of my lot (though but 140 lines long). It has the most in it of my deliberate thought and personal feeling or faith, and I think is as good in execution and impulse of expression as the best of my others" (II, 85).For a reproduction of an autograph manuscript of the opening of the poem, see I, 213. Back to Line
15] Compare John 8: 58: "Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am." Back to Line
21] S. C. Chew (Swinburne, 1929) compares this with what Emerson had written in "The Oversoul": "And this deep power in which we exist ... is not only self-sufficing every hour, but the act of seeing and the thing seen, the seer and the spectacle, the subject and the object are one." Back to Line
41] The Lord asked Job: "Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? ... Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth?" (Job 38: 2, 4). Back to Line
64] Swinburne's particular reference in "tripod" is to the vessel at the shrine of Apollo at Delphi, on which the priestess sat to deliver oracles. Back to Line
80] These are the colours of the flag of the Italian republic. Back to Line
96] A reference to the Scandinavian myth of the tree Yggdrasil whose blossoms are human lives. Back to Line
Publication Start Year
Algernon Charles Swinburne, Songs before Sunrise (London: F. S. Ellis, 1871): 82-92. end S956 S673 1871a Fisher Rare Book Library (Toronto)
RPO poem Editors
P. F. Morgan