Edinburgh Academy


James Clerk Maxwell was born on Nov. 13, 1831, at 14 India St., Edinburgh, to John Clerk Maxwell and Frances Cay. The family home to which he would at last retire was at Glenlair, but after his mother's death young James was sent to Edinburgh for schooling at the Edinburgh Academy, from 1840 to 1847. He excelled at both English and mathematics. His education continued at the University of Edinburgh (1847-50) and Peterhouse College in the University of Cambridge (1850-54), which graduated him as Second Wrangler. After several years as a fellow at Trinity College Cambridge, lecturing on hydrostatics and optics, Maxwell took a position as Professor of Natural Philosophy at Marischal College, Aberdeen, for two years (1856-57). Katherine Mary Dewar and he wed there in June 1858, and then Maxwell became Professor of Natural Philosophy at King's College, London. They lived at 8 Palace Gardens Terrace, Kensington. He retired to Glenlair from 1866 to 1870 after suffering from erysipelas, but returned to academe on March 8, 1871, when he assumed the Chair of Experimental Physics at the University of Cambridge. Here Maxwell brought out his greatest works, Theory of Heat (1871), Electricity and Magnetism (1873), and Matter and Motion (1876), but he also helped design and supervised the erection of the Cavendish Laboratory. Throughout his life, Maxwell loved English poetry and committed much of it to memory. He wrote poems himself, which were collected and published by his friend Lewis Campbell in 1882. He evidently sang the most well-known, his homage to Burns' "Comin thro' the Rye," while playing a guitar. The scientist who created one of the most famous of thought experiments, "Maxwell's demon" (which made entropy understandable to the un-numbered), died a Christian on Nov. 5, 1879.

  • Campbell, Lewis. The Life of James Clerk Maxwell, with a Selection from his Correspondence and Occasional Writings and a Sketch of his Contributions to Science. London: Macmillan, 1882. QC 16 M4C3 Gerstein
  • Goldman, Martin. The Demon in the Aether: the Story of James Clerk Maxwell. Edinburgh: Harris, 1983. QC 16 M4G75 1983 Gerstein
  • Maxwell, James Clerk. A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field. With an appreciation by Albert Einstein. Ed. Thomas F. Torrance. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1982. QC 665 E4M39 Gerstein Library
  • --. Matter and Motion. New York: Dover, 1952.
  • --. Maxwell on Molecules and Gases. Ed. Elizabeth Garber, Stephen G. Brush, and C.W.F. Everitt. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1986. QC 16 .M4A4 1986 Gerstein
  • --. The Scientific Papers. Ed. W.D. Niven. Cambridge: University Press, 1890. 2 vol. S M4653s Gerstein Library
  • --. Theory of Heat. Ed. Lord Rayleigh. London: Longmans, 1899. Physics Thermodyn M Gerstein Library
  • --. Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism. 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1881. 2 vols. QC 518 M47 1881 Engineering Library
  • --, ed. The Electrical Researches of the Honourable Henry Cavendish, written between 1771 and 1781. Cambridge: University Press, 1879. QC 517 C35 1879 Gerstein Library
  • Tolstoy, Ivan. James Clerk Maxwell, a Biography. Edinburgh: Canongate, 1981. QC 16 M4T6 Gerstein

Born March 31, 1844, in Selkirk, Scotland, Andrew Lang was educated at Selkirk Grammar School, Edinburgh Academy, the University of St. Andrews, the University of Glasgow, and Balliol College, Oxford, from which he graduated with a B.A. (honours) in 1866. He took up a fellowship at Merton College in Oxford from 1868 to 1875, in which year he married Lenora Blanche Alleyne. Over his lifetime, Lang brought out nine books of verse, beginning with Ballads and Lyrics of Old France (1872), as well as translations of Homer and other classical poets. His writing career, however, expanded into journalism once he settled in London at his marriage. He wrote as anthropologist, historian, fairy story teller, literary historian, sportsman, novelist, and biographer and had a prolific output. Honours came his way readily: he received doctorates from St. Andrews University in 1888 and Oxford University in 1904, was a fellow in the British Academy, and presided over the Society for Psychical Research. Lang died, without children, of angina pectoris, July 20, 1912, in Aberdeen.

  • Demoor, Marysa. Friends over the ocean: Andrew Lang's American correspondents, 1881-1912. Gent: Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 1989. PR 4877 .A4 1989 Robarts Library
  • G., S. G. ""Lang, Andrew." Dictionary of National Biography 1912-21. 319-23.
  • Green, Roger Lancelyn. Andrew Lang, a critical biography, with a short-title bibliography of the works of Andrew Lang. Leicester: E. Ward, 1946. PR 4877 .G68. Robarts Library
  • Homer. The Homeric Hymns. Trans. Andrew Lang. London: Allen, 1899. PA 4025 .H8L3 1899. Robarts Library
  • --. The Iliad. Trans. Andrew Lang, Walter Leaf, and Ernest Myers. London: Macmillan, 1883. PA 4025 .A2L3 Institute of Mediaeval Studies
  • --. The Odyssey. Trans. Andrew Lang and Samuel Henry Butcher. London: Macmillan, 1887. PA 4205 .A5B8 1887 St. Michael's College
  • Lang, Andrew. Ballads and Lyrics of Old France, with Other Poems. London: Longmans, Green, 1872. PR 4876 .B29 1872. Robarts Library
  • --. Ballades and Verses Vain. New York: Scribner, 1884.
  • --. Ban and Arrière Ban: A Rally of Fugitive Rhymes. 2dn edn. London: Longmans, Green, 1894. PR 4876 .B3 1894 Robarts Library. Also Project Gutenberg.
  • --. Grass of Parnassus: Rhymes Old and New. London: Longmans, Green, 1888. PR 4876 .G7 1888. Robarts Library
  • --. Helen of Troy. New York: Scribner, 1882. PR 4876 .H4 1882. Robarts Library
  • --. New Collected Rhymes. London: Longmans, Green, 1905. PR 4876 .N48 1905 Robarts Library
  • --. Rhymes à la Mode. London: Kegan Paul, 1885. PR 4876 .R5 Robarts Library
  • --. XXII Ballades in Blue China. London: Kegan Paul, 1880. PR 4876 .T5 1885 Robarts Library
  • --. XXII and X: XXXII Ballades in Blue China. 1881. London K. Paul, Trench, 1883. PR 4876 .T5 1883 Robarts Library
  • Langstaff, Eleanor De Selms. Andrew Lang. Boston: Twayne, 1978.
  • Ormerod, James. The Poetry of Andrew Lang. Philadelphia: R. West, 1978.
  • Webster, A. Blyth. Andrew Lang's poetry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1937. Pamph LE L Robarts Library

Born September 5, 1861, Walter Alexander Raleigh received his education at the City of London School, Edinburgh Academy, University College London, and King's College Cambridge. His academic appointments were as Professor of English Literature at the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College in Aligarh (1885-87), Professor of Modern Literature at the University College Liverpool (1890-1900), Chair of English Language and Literature at Glasgow University (1900-1904), and Chair of English Literature at Oxford (1904-22). Until 1914, when he turned to the war as his subject, Raleigh published works on many major English authors. His finest book may be the first volume of The War in the Air (1922). He died from typhoid (contracted during a visit to the Near East) on May 13, 1922, survived by his wife Lucie Gertrude and their four sons and one daughter. His son Hilary edited his light prose, verse, and plays in Laughter from a Cloud (1923).

  • Jones, Henry Albert. Sir Walter Raleigh and the air history, a personal recollection. London: E. Arnold, 1922. D 602 .R342J6 Robarts Library
  • Raleigh, Walter Alexander. Robert Louis Stevenson. London: E. Arnold, 1895. end S749 Z6R33 1895 Fisher Rare Book Library. See www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summar.
  • --. England and the war, being sundry addresses delivered during the war and now first collected. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1918. HMod R1634e Robarts Library
  • --. The English novel; a short sketch of its history from the earliest times to the appearance of Waverley. London: J. Murray, 1919. PR 821 .R2 1919 Robarts Library
  • --. The English voyages of the sixteenth century. Glasgow: Jackson, Wylie, 1926. G 242 .R35 1926 Robarts Library
  • --. Laughter from a cloud. Preface by Hilary Raleigh. London: Constable, 1923. PR 6035 .A4L3 Robarts Library
  • --. The letters (1879-1922). 2nd edn. Ed. Lady Raleigh. London: Methuen, 1928. CT/R138 Victoria College Library
  • --. The meaning of a University; an inaugural address delivered to the students of University College, Aberystwyth on the 20th of October, 1911. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1911. Educat. Univ. O Robarts Library
  • --. Milton. London: E. Arnold, 1900. PR 3581 .R3 St. Michael's College Library
  • --. On writing and writers, by Walter Raleigh; being extracts from his note-books. London: E. Arnold, 1926. PR 99 .R34 Robarts Library
  • --. Poetry and fact : an inaugural address delivered at University College, Liverpool, March 13th, 1890. Liverpool: H. Young, 1890. PN 1031 .R34 Robarts Library
  • --. Romance: two lectures delivered at Princeton University, May 4th and 5th, 1915. Princeton: University Press, 1916. PR 447 .R37 1916 Robarts Library
  • --. Samuel Johnson: lecture delivered Cambridge, 22 February, 1907. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1907. Pam/PR/J637Ra Victoria College Library
  • --. Shakespeare. London: Macmillan, 1909. PR 2894 .R3 1909 Robarts Library
  • --. Six essays on Johnson. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910. PR 3533 .R35 Robarts Library
  • --. Some authors: a collection of literary essays, 1896-1916. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1923. PN 511 .R3 Victoria College Library
  • --. Some gains of the war; an address to the Royal Colonial Institute delivered Feb. 13, 1918. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1918. Pamph HMod R Robarts Library
  • --. The study of English literature. Glasgow: Maclehose, 1900. Pamph LE R Robarts Library
  • --. Style. 3rd edn. London: Edward Arnold, 1898. PN 203 .R2 1898 Robarts Library. See www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summar
  • --. The war in the air; being the story of the part played in the Great War by the Royal Air Force. 6 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1922-37. D 602 .R34 Robarts Library
  • --. The war of ideas: an address to the Royal colonial institute, delivered Dec. 12, 1916. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1917. D 525 .R3 Robarts Library
  • --. Wordsworth. London: E. Arnold, 1903. PR 5881 .R27 1903 Victoria College Library
  • --. Shakespeare's England: an account of the life and manners of his age. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1916. PR 2910 .S5 1916 Victoria College Library
  • Smith, D. Nichol. "Raleigh, Sir Walter Alexander." Dictionary of National Biography 1922-1937. 701-04.
  • Mehew, Ernest. "Stevenson, Robert Louis (1850–1894)."Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. Oxford: OUP, 2004.