Year 1775

Born at Farnham in Surrey, Toplady took an M.A. at Trinity College, Dublin, and proceeded to holy orders in the Anglican church in 1762. He became vicar of Broad Hembury six years later. George Lawton wrote the biography in Within the Rock of Ages: The Life and Work of Augustus Montague Toplady (Cambridge: James Clarke, 1983; BV 330 T6 L3 Emmanuel College Library). The parson's dairy survives and was published in 1987 (BX 5199 T6A35 1987 Robarts Library).

  • Pollard, Arthur. "Toplady, Augustus Montague (1740–1778)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. Oct. 2005.
Year 1915

Short-story writer and poet, Katherine Mansfield, a pseudonym for Kathleen Mansfield Beauchamp (from 1910), was born on October 14, 1888, in Wellington, New Zealand. She was educated in the cello at Queen's College, London, 1903-1906, after which she returned to study music in New Zealand 1907-08. She came back to London in 1908, married George Bowden (a musician), March 2, 1909, separated from him the same day, and afterwards gave birth in Bavaria to a stillborn baby by Garnet Trowell, another musician. This led to her first volume of fiction, In a German Pension (1909). Her life was a train of hardships. Suffering from gonorrhea, she was unable to have children afterwards. Being bisexual, she had a long-term liaison with Ida Baker, but after meeting John Middleton Murry in 1911, they lived together until she divorced Bowden and married Murry on May 3, 1918. Mansfield lost Lesley Heron Beauchamp, her brother, to a wartime accident in 1915. This death led to some of her greatest stories. With Murry, she co-founded a short-lived magazine, Signature, with D. H. Lawrence in 1916. Suffering from tuberculosis, she entered George Gurdieff's Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man near Fontainebleau and died from the disease in January 9, 1923.

  • Boddy, Gillian. Katherine Mansfield, the Woman and the Writer (Ringwood, Victoria: Penguin Books Australia, 1988). PR 6025 A57Z5674 Robarts Library
  • Mansfield, Katherine. Bliss, and Other Stories (London: Constable, 1920). PR 6025 A57 B5 1920a Victoria College Rare Books
  • --. Collected stories (London: Constable, 1962). PR 6025 .A57 A15 Robarts Library
  • --. The Dove's Nest and Other Stories (London: Constable, 1923). end M36 D684 1923a Fisher Rare Book Library
  • --. Four poems, ed. Jeffrey Meyers (London: Privately printed at the Press of Eric & Joan Stevens, 1980). end pam M36 F687 Fisher Rare Book Library
  • --. The Garden Party, and Other Stories (New York: Modern Library, 1922). PR 6025 A57G37 Robarts Library
  • In a German Pension (London: Stephen Swift, 1911)
  • --. Journal, ed. J. Middleton Murry (London: Constable, 1927). end M36 A185 1927 Fisher Rare Book Library
  • --. Poems (London: Constable, 1923). PR 6025 A57P6 Robarts Library
  • --. Poems of Katherine Mansfield, ed. Vincent O'Sullivan (Aukland: Oxford University Press, 1988). PR 6025 A57 P64 Robarts Library
  • --. Something Childish and Other Stories (London: Constable, 1924). end M36 S66 1924 Fisher Rare Book Library
  • The Katherine Mansfield notebooks, ed. Margaret Scott (Canterbury, N.Z.: Lincoln University Press; Wellington, N.Z.: Daphne Brasell Associates, 1997). 2 vols. PR 9639.3 .M258A6 Robarts Library
  • Katherine Mansfield, publications in Australia, 1907-09, comp. Jean E. Stone (Sydney: Wentworth Books, 1977). PR 6025 A57A6 1977 Robarts Library
Year 1628

Herbert's poems were first published shortly after his death, in The Temple, Sacred Poems and Private Ejaculations by Mr. George Herbert, 1633. Some of them had already circulated in MS. His poems are so full of biblical echoes or quotations, and his images so often liturgical, that only full annotation (rather than mere reference) can properly bring out his indebtedness.

Year 1655

John Bunyan was born at Elstow, near Bedford, and baptized Nov. 30, 1628, the son of a tinker, and like his father a tinker. He joined joined the parliamentary forces in the English civil war in 1644. On leaving, he married in 1646 a pious woman whose only dowry was two books, The Plain Man's Pathway to Heaven and Lewis Bayly's The Practice of Piety. They had four children. In 1657 Bunyan joined the Baptist church and became an unlicensed preacher. For refusing to conform, he was jailed from 1660 to 1672. During his Imprisonment he wrote and in 1666 published both Grace Abounding, one Of the best autobiographies ever produced, and The Holy City. Released in 1672, licensed at last for preaching, Bunyan was again imprisoned for six months in 1675. Afterwards he turned to write The Pilgrim's Progress (1678), the best-read book in English until the twentieth century. Other books follows: Life and Death of Mr. Badman (1680), The Holy War (1682), and The Pilgrim's Progress, part 2 (1684). He died of complications from a chill on August 31, 1688, and was buried in Bunhill Fields.

  • Bunyan, John. Grace abounding to the chief of sinners, 1666 (Menston: Scolar Press, 1970; PR 3329 G1 1666A Robarts Library). Also the edition by Roger Sharrock (London: Oxford University Press, 1966; PR 3329 G1 1966 Robarts Library).
  • --. Christian behaviour; The Holy City; The resurrection of the dead, ed. J. Sears McGee (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987; BR 75 .B7A6 1987 Robarts Library)
  • --. The pilgrim's progress, part 1, 1678 (Menston: Scolar Press, 1970; PR 3330 A1 1970 Robarts Library). Also The pilgrim's progress, ed. N. H. Keeble (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984; PR 3330 A2K43 1984 Robarts Library).
  • --. The life and death of Mr. Badman: presented to the world in a familiar dialogue between Mr. Wiseman and Mr. Attentive, ed. James F. Forrest and Roger Sharrock (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988; PR 3329 .L1 1988 St. Michael's College Library PR 3329)
  • --. The holy war made by Shaddai upon Diabolus for the regaining of the metropolis of the world: or, The losing and taking again of the town of Mansoul, ed. Roger Sharrock and James F. Forrest (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980; PR 3329 H1 1980 Robarts Library)
  • --. The Poems, ed. Graham Midgley (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980; BR 75 B7 A25 1980 Erindale College)
  • Forrest, James F., and Richard Lee Greaves.
  • John Bunyan: a reference guide (Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, 1982; Z 8131 F67 1982 Robarts Library)
  • Greaves, Richard L. “Bunyan, John (bap. 1628, d. 1688).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004.
  • Griffith, Gwilym Oswald.
  • John Bunyan (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1927; PR 3331 G75 1927 Robarts Library)
  • Harrison, Frank Mott. A bibliography of the works of John Bunyan (London: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society, 1932; Z 8131 H3 Robarts Library)