Macaulay, Thomas Babington

Macaulay, Thomas Babington (1800 - 1859)

Biography

Thomas Macaulay was born October 25, 1800, at Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and was called to the Bar in 1826. His political career began in the House of Commons as a Whig member for the borough of Calne, and then for Leeds. In 1834, the year of his successful appointment to the Supreme Council of India codifying criminal law, Macaulay publiushed Essays Critical and Historical. He returned to Britain in 1838 and became a House of Commons member for Edinburgh from 1839 to 1847, during which period he served as Secretary for War in 1839-41 and Paymaster-General in 1846-47. In this period he brought out his immensely popular Lays of Ancient Rome (1842), out of which generations of school-children were taught the story of Horatius. After losing his seat, Macaulay brought out the work that remains a best-seller, his The History of England (1848-55) from James I (1688). This brought him an invitation to be member of the House of Commons for Edinburgh again in 1852, but five years later he was made 1st baron, Lord Macaulay of Rothley Temple. He retired to Holly Lodge, Westminster, and died December 28, 1859.

  • The letters of Thomas Babington Macaulay, ed. Thomas Pinney, 6 vols. (London: Cambridge University Press, 1974-; DA 3 M3 A4 Robarts Library)
  • Millgate, Jane. Macaulay (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1973; DA 3 M3M5 Robarts Library)
  • Trevelyan, George Otto. The life and letters of Lord Macaulay (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978; DA 3 M3T6 Robarts Library)
Given Name
Thomas Babington
Family Name
Macaulay
Birth Date
October 25, 1800
Death Date
December 28, 1859
Nationality
Family Relations
father : Zachary Macaulay
sister : Margaret Cropper
sister : Jane Macaulay
sister : Hannah Trevelyan
Education
Occupations
  • Member of Parliament



  • Historian



Literary Period
Literary Movement
First RPO Edition
1996-99