The ametrical rhythm of natural speech.
A stop or pause in a metrical line, often marked by punctuation or by a grammatical boundary, such as a phrase or clause. When a caesura splits the line in equal parts, it is termed medial. When the pause occurs towards the beginning or end of the line, it is termed, respectively, initial and terminal.
Someone's list of authors or works considered to be "classic," that is, central to the identity of a given literary tradition or culture.
Hendecasyllabic lines in stanza form. William Drummond of Hawthornden adapted the canzone to English.
A type of verse termed by George Puttenham in 1589 "maimed" because it is missing a syllable in the last foot. An acatalectic verse is complete. A hypercatalectic line has an extra syllable. The three types can be seen below in the last foot of this tercet:
Hamlet cries his mother's tainted.
Gertrude nearly falls down, faint.
Hamlet's father swears, unsaintly, he.
A complex French form of the ballade, having various forms.
Japanese form with alternating lines of five and seven syllables, ending with a couplet of seven-syllable lines.
A verse form of five lines with lines of 2, 4, 6, 8, and 2 syllables.
A form of light verse invented by Edmund Clerihew Bentley, consisting of two couplets and having the name of a person in the first line. E.g.,
Sang a paeon
To love and pain
And ladies layin'.
A quatrain that rhymes abab and alternates four-stress and three-stress iambic lines (each pair equivalent to a single line of 14 syllables), the metre of the hymn and the ballad. An example is "Sir Patrick Spence." Short or half measure consists of a six-stress, 12-syllable line split into two three-stress, trimeter lines. Long measure has eight-stress lines of 16 syllables that are divided into two four-stress lines. An example is T. S. Eliot's "Whispers of Immortality."