• Markham, Edwin. The Man with the Hoe and Other Poems. New York: Doubleday and McClure, 1899. Internet Archive
  • --. Lincoln and Other Poems. New York: McClure, Phillips, 1901. Internet Archive
  • --. The Shoes of Happiness. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Page, 1915. Internet Archive
  • Mellini, Peter. "Seaman, Sir Owen, baronet (1861–1936)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. May 2006.
  • William Christopher Handy. Blues: An Anthology: Complete Words and Music of 53 Great Songs
  • --. Book of Negro Spirituals
  • --. Father of the Blues: An Autobiography. Ed. Arna Bontemps New York; Macmillan, 1941.
  • --. Unsung Americans Sing
  • --. Negro Authors and Composers of the United States
  • David, and Other Poems. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1942. Governor General's Award.
  • Now is Time. Toronto: Ryerson, 1945. Governor General's Award
  • The Strait of Anian: Selected Poems. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1948.
  • Trial of a city and other verse. Toronto: Ryerson, 1952.

Ralph Waldo Emerson was born on May 25, 1803, in Boston and attended Boston Latin School from 1812 to 1817, and Harvard from then to 1821. His first career, as a school-teacher, lasted four years, after which he was licensed to preach as a Unitarian. In 1829 he was ordained minister of Second Church in Boston and married his first wife, Ellen Louisa Tucker.


Born at Keswick on October 13, 1844, Ernest James Myers received his education in classics at Cheltenham and Balliol College Oxford. He became a fellow of Wadham College in 1868, where he taught for three years, and then moved to London for twenty years to make his living as a translator and editor.


Swinburne was born April 5, 1837, in London, the child of an admiral, Captain Charles Henry Swinburne, and Lady Henrietta Swinburne.


John Henry Newman converted from the Church of England to Roman Catholicism in 1845 and was ordained in Rome the next year. His Apologia pro Vita Sua (1864), The Grammar of Assent (1870), and The Idea of a University (1873) are important treatises in nineteenth-century English thought.


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