Eliot, George

Eliot, George (1819 - 1880)


Mary Ann Evans was born on Nov. 22, 1819, near Nuneaton, Warwickshire, to Robert Evans and Christiana Pearson. She was educated at Nuneaton and Coventry (1841-). Her first publication was a poem in the Christian Observer (Jan. 1840). After leaving the Church, she moved to London in 1849 and edited The Westminster from 1851 to 1853. From 1854 to his death in 1878, she lived with George Henry Lewes, editor of the Leader, a married man. Under her pen name, George Eliot, beginning in 1857, she published the novels for which she is famous: Scenes from Clerical Life (1857), Adam Bede (1859), The Mill on the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), Romola (1863), Felix Holt (1866), Middlemarch (1871-72), and Daniel Deronda (1876). Her two books of verse are The Spanish Gipsy (1868) and The Legend of Jubal and Other Poems (1874). After Lewes' death, she married Johnnie Cross on May 6, 1880. Her death followed quickly, on Dec. 22.


  • Eliot, George. Collected Poems. Ed. Lucien Jenkins. London: Skoob Books, 1989. PR 4650 A17 1989 Robarts Library
  • --. The George Eliot Letters. Ed. Gordon S. Haight. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1954-78. 7 vols. PR 4681 .A3H3 Trinity College Library
  • --. The Legend of Jubal and Other Poems. Toronto: Adam, Stevenson, 1874. B-12/1065 Fisher Rare Book Library
  • --. The Spanish Gypsy; the Legend of Jubal and Other Poems, Old and New. New York Worthington, 1890. PR 4666 S6 1890 Robarts Library
  • Haight, Gordon Sherman. George Eliot: a Biography. London, Clarendon P., 1968. PR 4681 .H27 Trinity College Library
  • Pangallo, Karen L. George Eliot : a Reference Guide, 1972-1987. Boston, MA: G.K. Hall, 1990. Z 8259 P36 1990 Robarts Library
Given Name
Mary Ann
Family Name
Eliot, George
Birth Date
November 22, 1819
Death Date
December 22, 1880
Family Relations
father : Robert Evans
mother : Christiana Pearson Evans
husband : George Henry Lewes (from 1854 to to 1878)
husband : Johnnie Cross (from 6 May. 1880 to to 22 Dec. 1880)
  • Journalist

  • Novelist

Literary Period
Literary Movement
First RPO Edition