In Memoriam A. H. H. OBIIT MDCCCXXXIII: 27

Original Text: 
Alfred lord Tennyson, In Memoriam (London: E. Moxon, 1850). PR 5562 A1 1850 Victoria College Library (Toronto). Alfred lord Tennyson, Works (London: Macmillan, 1891). tenn T366 A1 1891a Fisher Rare Book Library (Toronto).
2      The captive void of noble rage,
3      The linnet born within the cage,
4That never knew the summer woods:
5I envy not the beast that takes
6      His license in the field of time,
7      Unfetter'd by the sense of crime,
8To whom a conscience never wakes;
9Nor, what may count itself as blest,
10      The heart that never plighted troth
11      But stagnates in the weeds of sloth;
12Nor any want-begotten rest.
13I hold it true, whate'er befall;
14      I feel it, when I sorrow most;
15      'Tis better to have loved and lost
16Than never to have loved at all.


1] First published anonymously in the volume with this title in 1850, though the 131 sections or separate poems that compose it were written and rewritten from 1833 to the time of publication. Two of the 131 sections were added in later editions: LIX in 1851, and XXXIX in 1872. The poem is in memory of Tennyson's friend Arthur Henry Hallam, son of the eminent historian. Hallam was engaged to marry Tennyson's sister Emily, when he died suddenly of a stroke in Vienna on September 15, 1833, at the age of twenty-two. Although written without any plan at first, the parts of the poem were finally arranged in a pattern to cover the period of about three years following Hallam's death. Tennyson himself insisted that it is "a poem, not a biography .... The different moods of sorrow as in a drama are dramatically given, and my conviction that fear, doubts, and suffering will find answer and relief only through Faith in a God of Love. `I' is not always the author speaking of himself, but the voice of the human race speaking through him."
OBIIT MDCCCXXXIII: he died in 1833. Back to Line
Publication Start Year: 
RPO poem Editors: 
J. D. Robins
RPO Edition: 
2RP 2.400.