Pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, the American journalist, novelist and humorist born and raised in Missouri, Mark Twain is best known for his novels, The Prince and the Pauper (1882), A Conneticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1889), The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876), and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884). Selected Letters are edited by Charles Neider (New York: Harper and Row, 1982; PS 1331 A4 1982). For recent biographies, see Everett H. Emerson's The Authentic Mark Twain (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1984; PS 1331 E47 1984) and John Lauber's The Making of Mark Twain (New York: American Heritage Press, 1985; PS 1331 L28). Arthur L. Scott has edited a selection of Twain's poetry (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1966; PS 1302 S3; all Robarts Library).
- Budd, Louis J. "Twain, Mark." American National Dictionary Online. American Council of Learned Societies: Oxford University Press, 2000.