Born on November 1, 1871, in Newark, New Jersey, Stephen Crane grew up in Port Jervis and Asbury Park. Educated at the Hudson River Institute, Lafayette College, and Syracuse University until 1890, he did journalistic work and eked out a poor living as a writer until the publication of his The Red Badge of Courage in 1895, followed by a re-issue of Maggie: A Girl of the Streets a year later. He published only two volumes of verse, The Black Riders and Other Lines in 1895, and War is Kind in 1899. None of his writings matched the success of Courage. He died from tuberculosis in Germany on June 5, 1900, leaving a devoted common-law wife, Cora Taylor, and good friends such as Joseph Conrad and H. G. Wells. See also
- The Correspondence of Stephen Crane. Ed. Stanley Wertheim and Paul Sorrentino. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988. PS 1499 .C85Z48 Robarts Library.
- Stallman, Robert Wooster. Stephen Crane: A Critical Bibliography. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, 1972. Z 8198.2 .S728 Robarts Library.
- The University of Virginia Edition of the Works of Stephen Crane. 10 vols. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1967-75.
- Wertheim, Stanley. The Crane Log: A Documentary Life of Stephen Crane, 1871-1900. New York: G. K. Hall, 1994. PS 1449 .C85 Z982 Robarts Library.